The menacing smog in Delhi NCR is indicative of hazardous pollution levels and substandard quality of air that act as a precursor to the life-threatening diseases. To counter the problem, the Delhi government planned to reinstate the odd-even scheme, but it was dismissed. Parking rates were also revised for around a week and while the government is chalking out a plan to curb pollution levels in Delhi, the roll-out of BS6 fuel has been advanced to April 2018 in the NCT region of Delhi instead of April 2020.
The ministry of petroleum and natural gas on Wednesday announced the roll-out of BS6 fuel in the national capital territory from April 2018 and the entire NCR area is likely to get the ultra-clean fuel by April 2019. How will it affect petrol and diesel vehicles particularly, whether it will really help curb pollution levels and how are carmakers are reacting to it, we answer it all here for our readers. Read – Delhi To Get Bike Ambulances In 3 Districts From January
When will the BS6 Fuel introduced in Delhi?
The BS6 fuel will be introduced in the national capital territory (NCT) from April 1, 2018 instead of April 2020. However, the government plans to introduce the BS6 fuel in the entire national capital region that includes Gurugram, Noida, Ghaziabad and Faridabad by April 2019. The fuel roll out across the country will take place on April 1, 2020, as planned earlier. Read – Get Your Vehicle Insured Or Get Behind The Bars
Does it also mean advancing to BS6 vehicles effective April 1, 2018?
No, it only means use of BS6 fuel in the vehicles plying on the roads in the NCT region from April 1, 2018. Though, the carmakers have been directed to switch to BS6 vehicles by April 1, 2020.
Can BS-IV vehicles run on BS6 fuel?
Yes, the BS6 vehicles can run on BS6 vehicles, but the BS6 vehicles cannot run on BS6 fuel. The introduction of BS-VI fuel in the NCT of Delhi is being considered as the first step towards making the fuel available across India.
How will it impact petrol and diesel vehicles?
Moving from BS6 to BS6 fuel will not impact petrol powered vehicles as much as it will affect the diesel vehicles, we explain how. The level of sulphur in the new diesel will be around 10 PPM (part per million) of sulphur against the current diesel with 50 PPM.Sulphur in an important component that aide chemical lubrication of the injector in a diesel powertrain. Read: New Motor Vehicle Act – All Rules and Regulations Explained
The injectors in a diesel engine are responsible for transforming diesel from a liquid into a mist which further combusts in the cylinder. With low level of sulphur in diesel, the engine can experience internal wear and scoring (prolonged use). This further leads to disruption in the flow pattern implying incomplete combustion that causes increased emissions. These long-term implications were also noticed during the last emission change in India. In a layman’s language, prolonged use of BS6 fuel in BS6 vehicle could damage the engine.
Will the use of BS6 fuel help reduce pollution levels?
According to some industry experts, there will be a marginal improvement in the emission of particulates.
What do the carmakers have to say about it?
Carmakers in India have mixed reactions on the decision to introduce BS6 fuel in Delhi NCT. This would also mean availability of BV6 fuel across the country before the April 2020 deadline for BS6 compliant vehicles.